Devon Country Walks - 4
The Most Rebellious Town in Devon (Colyton and the
Colyton is served by a regular bus service from Honiton and Scaton, as well as further afield from Taunton, and a less regular service to and from Exeter. For details of the bus services and timetables contact Traveline on 0871200 22 33 or visit www.traveline.org.uk
Colyton is also fortunate in having the unique public transport facility of the Seaton Tramway. This provides a scenic and unusual link to and from Seaton on the Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site. Trams run most of the year - for details contact 01297 20375 or visit www.tram.co.uk
Walk Length: 8 km / 5 miles; 2
stiles; 2 steady but not especially steep climbs, of 30m / 100
feet and 80 m / 250 feet.
For further information on the Tarka Trail and the South West Coast Path, click here. To order books and leaflets on Devon paths and trails, click here.
The East Devon Way Is a 40 mile (64 km) route which runs parallel to, and Inland of, the coast of East Devon between Exmouth and Lyme Regis. It passes through quiet countryside and a variety of towns, villages and smaller settlements. Towards its eastern end it goes through Colyton, one of the larger settlements on its route, although still a small, compact and very attractive place. This walk is based oil Colyton, circling to the south of the town across valleys and higher land, and then uses the East Devon Way to return to the town alongside the River Coly.
Start the walk in the Market Square in the centre of the little town, outside the Colcombe Castle pub. Buses to Colyton stop in the Market Square, which is immediately adjacent to the car park. Visitors arriving at the tramway station should walk down the lane to the bridge across the river then keep left along Dolphin Street until arriving at the Market Square.
Go to the top of the square, past the library. Turn left then immediately right, into Hillhead. Colyton has an early origin, being one of the first settlements established by the Saxons in Devon. The complex street pattern is almost certainly of Saxon origin. It was documented as "the most rebellious town in Devon" as it supplied more men in the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion of 1685 than any other town. This was the last rebellion on English soil, and Colyton provided over 100 men for this uprising. However, following the rebellion's failure at the Battle of Sedgemoor in Somerset, 14 Colyton men were hanged after judge Jeffrey's Bloody Assizes and 22 more were transported to the West Indies.
The road rises past some attractive old cottages, climbing quite steeply to a fork. Bear left along the more major road (signposted to Seaton). A little way along this road is a picnic site giving superb views over the Axe Valley. On the hilltop opposite are two Iron Age hill forts, Boshill to the left, above the village of Musbury, and Hawkesdown to the right, above Axmouth. Leave the picnic site and continue up the road, now levelling out. Pass the Doctor's Stone (see the information plaque on this) and continue to a crossroads - Four Cross Elms. Continue ahead, shortly after the crossroads leave the road, following the public footpath along the track on the right, just before the house "Darrawella". Pass the stables and go through a series of kissing gates. These eventually lead to a track by a white bungalow.
Go ahead to a narrow metalled road and turn left. This length is quite high and gives some good views down to the estuary of the River Axe. From the lane the sea will be visible ahead and left. Follow this lane to a junction. Turn left here, downhill. At the next junction, Rhode, turn right along the narrow lane up to Holyford. Follow this lane as it swings left, right, then left again. At another left bend, by a stone bungalow on the right, leave this lane on a signed public bridleway along a clear track. Away to the left of the lane, seen just before turning off, is Holyford Farmhouse, an attractive building which can trace its origins back to the 1500s.
At the end of the track go through the gate and follow the bridleway which continues uphill to the right. The woodland in the valley can be seen down to the left. Some of this is relatively recent planting, but some is very ancient, and may even be a remnant of the original "wildwood". Go through the gate at the top and bear right, to follow the right-hand hedge then, at the field corner, follow the field edge round to the left. Keep alongside the hedge, still climbing steadily. There are good views back into the Axe Valley. (Stopping to look gives the chance of a breather!)
At the end go through the gate and ahead, the hedge now on the left. At the end, the path meets a minor lane; turn right. This long straight road probably dates from the time this area was first enclosed as fields, probably ill the 1700s. Previously it would have been rough pasture or uncultivated. Follow the straight road to the Colyton to Sidmouth road. Cross here and continue on the track following straight ahead opposite. This track gradually loses its metalled surface and becomes narrower. At the very end it forks. Take the right fork along the edge of the woodland. At the junction keep right, on the track at the top of the wood. At the end of the wood turn right across the stile then immediately left through the gate and downhill alongside the hedge. Ahead now is the Coly Valley.
The Coly is another tributary of the River Axe, which it joins just above Axmouth. It gives Its name to Colyton. At the bottom of the field cross the stile and follow the path into the wood. This is deciduous woodland and the atmosphere quite different to that of the coniferous woodland earlier. It is lighter, more varied in appearance and usually full of birdsong. The path descends through the wood and over more open areas of bracken and bramble - watch out for one muddy stretch near the bottom. At the bottom the path arrives at a minor lane. Go straight across, down the lane towards Heathayne Farm. At the farmhouse turn right through the gate and down the green lane. The parish of Colyton is remarkable for the number of farms whose names end in "hayne" or "hayes". These date to early medieval times when new settlements were being made In the area, the old word "haye" meaning "enclosure". Many of these settlements became the homes of small local squires. The current Heathayne farmhouse dates from the 1500s, when it was built by one such squire as a "hall house".
Go through the gate at the bottom to
the River Coly. Turn left and follow the path over the footbridge.
After crossing the river turn right, alongside the Coly. The walk
has now Joined the route of the East Devon Way, on its Journey from
Exmouth to Lyme Regis. The route is waymarked with a foxglove symbol
and mauve arrows. Follow the East Devon Way to arrive at Chantry
Bridge on the edge of Colyton. Cross the bridge and fork left at
Chantry Cottage along Vicarage Street. Over to the left is the
parish church. Parts date to Norman times. Most noteworthy is its
lantern tower, almost appearing like part of a wedding cake. This is
a very rare church feature from the 15th century. Continue along
Vicarage Street to arrive back at the Market Square. The Market
Square dates back to Colyton's days as an important centre. Its
wealth was based on wool, cloth and lace as well as agriculture and
it was said to be the fourth most important market town ill Devon
ill the 1400s. Visitors using the tram should continue on past the
car park and follow the signs to return to the tramway station.